Integrated Land Management Systems (ILMS): An Insight
August 21, 2018 In LAND GOVERNANCEWhen it comes to the administration of data pertaining to cadastre and statutory/ownership rights, there are myriad reasons why integrated solutions are necessary. One of the key challenges faced by governments today is the creation of a complete and accurate land information system, which is also extremely important for land taxes, reforms and administration. In fact, even though land records are capable of covering vast repository of information, the system needs to satisfy various demands as per the needs of various end-users namely: • The Government: The need for a consistent/complete state of mapping data and any relations whatsoever with legal subjects (person/company/local authority etc.) is of utmost importance to government bodies. The data structures so recorded, can serve as a smart blueprint on the basis of which planning and clever utilization of land can be made. • Legal Entities and Citizens: Their requirement is of secure/fault-free services from government institutions, which is fast/responsive and publicly available; all this is facilitated by modern technologies. • Specialists (Land-related): Land-related specialists such as geodesists, planning departments, real-estate agencies etc. require consistent/accurate data, which may range from a single parcel/building to entire administration blocks. • Cadastre Office Users: With thousands of end users accessing land-information systems each day, cadastre office users themselves need an intuitive and speedy interface to ensure minimal wastage of time while also ascertaining the execution of various business rules, in the background. Web-based Integrated Land Management Systems (ILMS) serve as a one stop shop for all the aforementioned end-users. The core aim of an ILMS, thus, is to build a conclusive land-titling system, with title-guarantee and is based on the following principles: • Standardization/Implementation of an automated process, which involves the registration of land-titles and updating of land-records • Mapping from digitized maps/satellite image/aerial photography based on GIS • Creating a single window for handling of land-records for the Revenue Department (which would also include the maintenance/updating of textual records, survey, maps, settlement operations, registration of immovable property etc.) • Creation of an integrated Centralized Integrated Land Records System, that can get real-time data (spatial/textual) in a single database which can be incorporated in the State Data Center. • End to End Integration of land records maintenance systems and registration • Facilitating automatic-mutation following the registration, for all types of lands • Building on robust MIS Reporting Business Intelligence and Analytics Capabilities • Conduction of necessary awareness/communication amongst various stakeholders, that would enable smooth transition of the online work environment • Ensuring that necessary legal requirements/policies are updated on a regular basis, to facilitate efficient functioning of the online system There is a pressing need to revolutionize the Indian land-management scenario and an enterprise-wide integrated information system is the need of the hour. An ILMS, can thus provide a single window system, that can comprehensively fulfil the working requirements of the land-revenue department, including most of the major workflows and processes, while also catering to the needs of the various end users, in a multifaceted capacity at the same time. The current revenue process, is lengthy, with information accessibility being difficult and prone to manipulation.Incorporating Integrated Land Management Systems, thus, shall prove to be a boon to not only developmental needs but also to varied areas of end-user interests such as resolution of legal disputes, increment of bank loans, accurate crop data/insurance, ensuring the efficiency of land markets etc.